The Municipality of Montmélian [FR] decided to introduce EPC in order to reduce its energy consumption in public buildings. An example of it is the Multimedia Library of the city that has reduced almost by half its consumption.
As part of its heritage management efforts, the City of Montmélian launched an energy savings programme. At the end of 2015, the city selected the SPL (publicly-owned local corporation) OSER (regional energy services operator) to conduct the energy retrofit of its multimedia library. The expected reductions in energy consumption are guaranteed by an Energy Performance Contract (EPC).
Since 1983, the City of Montmélian has been a pioneer in the use of solar energy. Thanks to its energy-climate policy, it was one of the first French municipalities to obtain the Cit’ergie (European Energy Award) label in 2007. In 2014, it also received the
European Urban and Regional Planning Award for its solar eco-district project, and the Solar Heating and Cooling Award for its policies to promote thermal solar energy over the past 30 years. Along with the Coeur de Savoie association of municipalities, Montmélian has undertaken the “Positive Energy Territory” (TEPOS) and “Positive Energy Territory for Green Growth” (TEPCV) initiatives and is drafting a Territorial Climate Air and Energy Plan (PCAET).
In 2015, studies for the Victor Hugo Multimedia library resulted in the signature of a “Works and Services” EPC with a results guarantee for 8 years. This corresponds to an annual 50% reduction in energy consumption1 at the BBC Rénovation level. The renovations to the building were designed to improve its energy efficiency and comfort in the summer.
They also included work to comply with standards for accessibility (installation of an elevator) and fire safety, as well as functional improvements.
The work was completed in 2017 and should result in cost savings of €1,400 Inc. VAT/year2, with an estimated consumption of 59 MWh/year3, or 87 kWhPE/m2/year (€3.5 k Inc. VAT of energy costs per year4) and annual CO2 emissions estimated at 13 kg CO2e/m2.5
1 In primary energy, compared to an annual baseline consumption level.
2 Price of energy in 2014 taking into account extra maintenance costs due to the new ventilation systems.
3 119 MWh/year or 172 kWhPE/m2/year before the work.
4 €6.9 k Inc. VAT before the work.
5 27 kg CO2e /m2 before the work.
The project was able to monetise Energy Savings Certificates (ESC – A system in which public authorities require energy sellers (electricity, gas, heating and cooling, domestic heating oil, etc.) to achieve energy savings by actively promoting energy efficiency among their customers and other energy consumers) and received co-financing from the European Union (ERDF).
The city signed a 20-year emphyteutic lease with the SPL OSER. OSER is financing the work, and the city will pay fees for 20 years upon completion of the work.
All the services in the contract are being carried out by small and medium-sized companies in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Region: the consortium representative, Bati.P, is working with the architectural firm Inextenso Kopac & Girard, the design office Cena Ingénierie, as well as Rosaz Énergies, Eolya, and Azimut Monitoring for the installation and operation of thermal equipment and performance monitoring.
As part of this contract, 115 work hours in September 2016 were performed by a participant in a job integration programme (the coordinator of the work).
Ahead of the retrofit, the library personnel surveyed the desires and needs of users in terms of thermal comfort. The following energy retrofit work was carried out:
A plan to raise awareness about energy savings is in place, with distribution of flyers and discussion groups with personnel.
In addition to improving the library’s energy efficiency, the project includes expansion of the surface area on the top floor and remodelling of indoor spaces to address changes in use, while maintaining the same heated volume.
Every year, the service provider will measure the building’s energy performance to check whether the EPC’s energy performance guarantee has been achieved. If it has, the service provider receives a bonus corresponding to 5% of the investment amount.
Otherwise, the service provider is subject to penalties that increase each year as long as the targets set by the EPC are not met. They correspond to the amount of excess consumption the first year of operation, double this amount the second year, and five times the amount in the following years if the building is unable to reach the targets set.
The verifications are done according to the IPMVP protocol (International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol: a method to measure energy savings in the building sector). The adjustment formula is based on degree days (the difference between the outside temperature and base temperature. It is used to estimate the thermal energy consumption required for user comfort according to the weather conditions). Conditions under which the baseline situation may be revised have been established in the event of a change in use.
The first year, there was a steep reduction in consumption (around -42% in primary energy), but the target (-50%) did not appear to have been met. However, the data remains partial and must be confirmed over an entire year. Users (personnel and the public) say they are very satisfied with thermal comfort in the library since the work was completed.
Significant overheating in the first winter and unfavorable weather conditions (heatwave) in the summer of 2018 reduced the efficiency of the free cooling system (cooling of the building via ventilation using free energy from the outside air when the outside temperature is lower than the indoor room temperature).
Document produced by AURA-EE with the support of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, ADEME and the European Union.
|Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Énergie Environnement (AURA-EE)||Laurent Chanussot||Head of Sustainable Buildingsfirstname.lastname@example.org|