Green hydrogen is a resource that is raising more and more interest for its potential to decarbonise the economy. It is produced mainly by electrolysis of water from renewable electricity. Green hydrogen could address several important points in the energy transition. Firstly, green hydrogen could decarbonise the transport sector through the production of fuel cells that convert hydrogen into electricity and water vapour. Green hydrogen could also address the variability in the production of certain renewable energies when produced by electrolysis using surplus electricity production.
By 2030, the EU executive wants at least 40 gigawatts of electrolysers to be installed in the EU, producing up to 10 million tonnes of renewable hydrogen. Addressed au niveau local regional notamment des iles.
Green Hysland is the first Southern European project to be selected by the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) of the European Commission for its ambition of creating the first green hydrogen ecosystem in the Balearic Islands (Spain). It would produce, generate and distribute 300 tonnes of renewable hydrogen per year thanks to solar energy on the island of Mallorca.
Green hydrogen will have multiple applications on the island:
- Decarbonise transports: fuel supply to a fleet of fuel cell buses and fuel cell rental vehicles, generation of heat and power for commercial and public buildings, supply of auxiliary power for ferries and port operations, creation of a hydrogen refuelling station;
- Decarbonise gas supply: project includes green hydrogen injection into the island’s gas pipeline network, through a Guarantee of Origin System
In addition to generating a reduction in Mallorca’s CO2 emissions estimated at 20 700 tonnes per year for the period 2021-2025, this project would have significant positive economic benefits, particularly in terms of employment and economic diversification.
Green Hysland is also part of the “Hydrogen Road Map: a commitment to renewable hydrogen” recently approved by the Spanish Government, which will boost Spain as a technological benchmark in the production and use of renewable hydrogen, with a production capacity of 4 GW by 2030 and an estimated total investment of 8.9 billion EUR.
Mallorca will serve as a replication model for five other island territories (Tenerife in Spain, Madeira in Portugal, Aran in Ireland, Ameland in the Netherlands and the Greek Islands); and, in turn, will be part of a network for the exchange of experiences within the European initiative ’Clean Energy for EU Islands’. The project is fully aligned with the EU Hydrogen Strategy recently published by the European Commission, particularly with regard to the development of local hydrogen clusters, islands and regional ecosystems.
The project is coordinated by Enagás and promoted together with Acciona, CEMEX and Redexis, as part of a reindustrialisation plan for CEMEX. Its development is based on a green hydrogen generation plant promoted by Acciona and Enagás. The project and is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Industry, Trade and Tourism, the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge, through the Institute for Energy Diversification and Saving (IDAE) and the
GREEN HYSLAND Project Consortium
Green Hysland is a partnership between the following organisations: Acciona, Ameland Municipality, AMHYD, Aragon Hydrogen Foundation, AREAM Madeira, Spanish Hydrogen Association (AeH2), Balearia, CEA, National Centre for Hydrogen (CNH2), Cotenaval, DAFNI, EMEC, EMT Palma, Enagás, Energy Co-Operatives Ireland, Enercy, Fedarene, Gasnam, H2 Chile, HyCologne, HyEnergy Transstore, Instituto Balears de Energía, Lloseta Municipality, New Energy Coalition, NUI Galway, Ports de Balears, Redexis, Universitat Balears and Universidad de La Laguna Tenerife.