To keep the energy efficiency policy on a right track in achieving the objectives set by policy makers it is necessary to monitor the effects of its implementation and to adjust the actions accordingly. With examples of the actions taken by project partners in Croatia and Italy this policy brief answers the question what is the role of the monitoring and verification tools in improving of local, regional, and national energy efficiency policies.

According to the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) all Member States are obliged to gather, monitor and report the data on their progress in achieving the national targets in energy efficiency.

The Article 24 of the EED requires from EU MS submission of National Energy Efficiency Action Plans (NEEAPs) where they report on what energy efficiency improvement measures and energy savings have been achieved and what further measures are planned to be undertaken to get closer to national energy efficiency targets in compliance with the rules of the EED.

The EED mobilises Member States to undertake energy efficiency activities and to calculate their impact on reaching the targets. The priorities and design of national energy efficiency policies adopted by EU Member States are required to include inherently a monitoring and verification system for calculating the energy savings and related impacts.

Some of these national policies are commissioned to regional and local administration, depending on the capacity and mechanisms in place on regional and local level for implementing and monitoring these policies. In principle, all such energy efficiency policies should be consistent at the different levels of governance so that the market improvements and energy savings at the local and regional level can contribute to the achievement of the national energy efficiency targets. The role hence of the monitoring and reporting of energy efficiency actions on a multilevel governance is of utmost importance to calculating the overall national energy saving progress.

The needs assessment analysis undertaken within PUBLEnEf highlighted the shortfalls in the implementation of energy efficiency policiesat the local, regional, and national levels. One of the most important gaps is the implementation of a monitoring process/system. More than 60 % of interviewees confirmed that a basic monitoring and reporting system is gradually being developed primarily at the national and much less at the regional or local levels to demonstrate progress towards energy efficiency
targets. Nevertheless, there is a disincentive for such a system especially in the regional and local governance, as half of respondents indicated that there are no implications to the public sector where targets are not being met, while only30% of the interviewed public bodies declared that they have some insight of their progress towards energy efficiency targets. Given this requirement for support, there is thus a clear a need to identify or develop tools of monitoring and verification process at all levels of public administration.

Some useful tools as well as good practices on monitoring and verification are present also on the PUBLEnEf toolbox and are used for energy
efficiency roadmaps development.

These tools are models, online applications,methodologies, platforms, mainly based on bottom-up approach providing detailed calculation of energy savings after specific energy efficiency actions. Next to the monitoring aspects, they can in parallel raise awareness of energy efficiency improvements and support designing the local, regional, and national energy policies to achieve the targets, when embedded in the policies themselves.

The PUBLEnEf roadmaps presented in this policy brief address specific monitoring and verification gaps identified on multilevel governance.